It can take years to create a great application, but seconds to break into it. A weak or default password may grant access to an uninvited “guest.” Cached unencrypted details may be an open portal for a cyberthief. IoT devices may do wonderful things, but may lack good security. And the weakest link in your personal or business network can provide an entry point to an intruder. Each day, hackers are getting smarter and coming up with more effective penetration techniques, discovering more entryways that were not properly safeguarded, creating new malware, and acquiring devices like RFID skimmers.
Stolen personal information, identity theft, hijacked accounts are all despicable acts which will cause your users to feel violated and distrust your company’s app, service, or product, instead of the perpetrator who they will never even meet. With security breaches so prevalent in a digital world, how can you keep yourself safe without abandoning technology altogether?
QualiTest starts by analyzing potential threats and risk analysis based on the entry points
defined. With access to the code itself, we begin as follows:
Check all of the components (web services, sockets, named pipes, etc.), that all of the dependency files and libraries are referenced correctly and that the application operates as intended.
Assess the code by using automated tools to find semantic and language security bugs and streamline the search for vulnerabilities like injection flaws (not just SQL), broken session management and authentication, Cross Site Scripting, insecure direct object referencing, file canonicalization and other vulnerabilities.
Manual validation of significant issues is conducted by line-by-line code inspection to find logical errors, insecure configurations /cryptography, and other platform-specific known issues specific (such as buffer overflow) that could accidentally expose data.
However, much of security testing does not require code access. Beyond the project’s defined security requirements, we expand the scope by also seeking to verify and validate based upon common security risks, security procedures and policies, as well as known security vulnerabilities and potential attacker behavior. It should also be noted that mobile and IoT have other vulnerabilities that differ from app and website security testing. OWASP is a respected authority regarding outlining prominent threats.
The following is a list of potential application threats to be explored during website security testing:
- Unauthorized copying of applications or data
- Unauthorized access control focuses on user rights, access and privileges, and the ability to perform tasks beyond a user’s expected access level. This information should be defined in the system specifications, and is important when doing internal penetration testing.
- Unintended side effects when performing its intended function. For example, an app accesses your personal data as expected but also creates an unencrypted temporary data file as a side effect, which may be exploited by data thieves.
- Cross-site scripting (XSS) is code inserted into a web page awaiting subsequent users.SQL injection sends data into an interpreter as part of a command or query. The interpreter then improperly parses the attacker’s hostile data, executing commands or accessing data without proper authorization.
- Buffer overflow that may be caused by entering data strings into a UI input field that are longer than the code can correctly handle. Buffer overflow vulnerability represents an opportunity for running malicious code instructions.
- Denial of service, which blocks users from interacting with an application (usually by bombarding a server with “nuisance” requests, bottlenecking the system, as an external penetration test)
- Man-in-the middle attack, where a third party inserts themselves inside a two-party conversation (like a credit card transaction), pretending to be the other party to each conversant, while blocking straight communication
- Breaking the encryption codes used to protect sensitive data
- Logic bombs may be maliciously inserted into the code, set to activate only under certain conditions (like on a special date). Upon detonation, they may perform malicious acts such as deleting files, reformatting disks, hijacking a system, or executing ransomware.
We employ a variety of the top penetration testing (pen testing for short) tools to find and report vulnerabilities before an attacker uncovers them. Pen testing is typically performed near the end of the testing cycle. Tools are designed for different OS’s, applications, networks, servers, etc. built to run a variety of different specific pen tests, such as SQL injection and local file induction.
Deliverables of QualiTest’s Security Testing Services: